The best way to age healthily is to live a healthy life without considering this statement as unnecessary. A balanced diet, regular physical activity and avoiding toxic habits such as tobacco are the main criteria to achieve this goal, even if genetics play a special role in aging. It should be taken into account that the aging process is accompanied by a progressive degradation of the tissues and functions of the organism and that the family history may have an important specific weight in this regard.

In view of this, regular medical exams after age 50 should be a basic practice, either general, routine or specific. This is the only way to detect a variety of age-related diseases at an early stage to begin treatment as soon as possible and thus control the disease and maintain quality of Lifestyle Reviews.

In this sense, there are different types of medical exams and tests that must be performed after 50 years:
  

Annual review.

 Routine blood pressure monitoring should be maintained and a blood test performed at least once a year to control, among other things, cholesterol and blood glucose levels. The elevation over the normal values ​​of any of them implies adding a risk factor against cardiovascular diseases.

Reviews with the dentist.

 Aging entails, for example, the loss of elasticity of the periodontal tissue and, therefore, a retraction of the gums. A visit every six months to the dentist and the performance of a professional dental cleaning will allow maintaining good oral health.

Ophthalmologic checkups. 

The measurement of intraocular pressure every two years is essential. And from the age of 65 undergo an annual eye check that also includes the fundus in order to detect possible retinal alterations, in addition to studies to detect other eye diseases of aging, such as cataracts, glaucoma or macular degeneration Also, it is advisable to check your eyes regularly to control myopia, astigmatism and presbyopia.

Auditory ability review. 

Hearing loss can be normal from a certain age, so from 65 years of age it is recommended to perform a review every so often to check the hearing ability. Before if any auditory abnormality is noticed.

Urological revision in men. 

Benign prostatic hyperplasia and prostate cancer are two pathologies to which age is a determining risk factor. The performance of an analysis to measure the PSA and a rectal examination to detect the possible increase in the size of the prostate should be done annually from 45-50 years.

Mammography. 

This test allows to detect breast cancer in its initial phase, thus increasing the chances of cure. It must be done once every two years from 40 and annually from 50

Gynecological consultation

The 50 years of age constitute a critical moment in the woman’s life due to the arrival of menopause. That is why in this period gynecological exams become more relevant.

Colorectal cancer. 

It is an established fact that from 45-50 years all people should undergo a stool test to detect tumor markers that may be indicative of this type of cancer and allow an early diagnosis to be established.

Bone densitometry.  

It is a test to which women who have passed menopause should especially undergo to measure the degree of bone mineralization. The loss of estrogen favors the decrease in bone density and, as a consequence, the development of osteoporosis, which significantly increases the risk of fractures.

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