Using chemical-based skincare products and not following a proper skincare routine can lead to various skin issues such as hyperpigmentation. Hyperpigmentation refers to dark patches that appear on the skin due to the excessive production of melanin caused due to hormonal imbalance, sun damage, or acne scars. It is a common condition faced by many individuals, especially women these days. However, it can be cured by following a healthy skincare routine along with undergoing facials for hyperpigmentation. Here are the useful products and procedures available:
1. Lightening Creams
Lightening creams are primarily used to decrease hyperpigmentation containing ingredients
- liquorice extract
- Vitamin B-3(niacinamide)
Lightening creams are usually gel-based formulas which are suitable for all skin types experiencing patches of discolouration.
Retinoids are derived from vitamin A and are the common ingredient of most skincare products and are also known to treat fine lines, age spots, dryness, and wrinkles. They penetrate deep into the skin to treat and heal the layer below the epidermis. Please consult your doctor before using retinoids as they may or may not be safe for all skin types and tones.
3. Chemical Peeling
Chemical peeling is a skin treatment procedure that uses strongly concentrated acids on the affected areas. The procedure removes the epidermis to lighten or remove the spots of hyperpigmentation. Chemical peeling is performed by professional doctors at their clinic and is not advisable to be performed at home. You may experience redness, irritation, and blistering for sometime after the procedure, hence you have to take additional precautions after undergoing the procedure of chemical peeling. It works best on age spots, sun damage, melasma, blotchy skin, and much more. It is an effective procedure as it yields quicker results than using other products.
4. Face acids
Face acids are used after adequately exfoliating the skin, or shedding the dead skin cells. Exfoliation allows the new skin cells to emerge in place of the old ones and hence face acids works wonder on the newly emerged skin. The ingredients of face acids include azelaic acid, alpha hydroxy acids, kojic acid, salicylic acid, and vitamin C in the form of ascorbic acid. Face acids work wonder for mild hyperpigmentation on fairer skin.
5. Laser Peeling
Laser peeling, also known as skin resurfacing, uses beams of light to reduce hyperpigmentation. Ablative laser beams remove the layers of the skin, whereas non-ablative laser peeling targets the dermis to promote collagen growth and tightening effects. Both procedures ensure that new skin cells grow back tighter and more toned.
Microdermabrasion is a drill-like handheld tool having an attached brush or other abrasive attachment. The device is brushed across your skin to remove epidermis to treat hyperpigmentation. The procedure requires multiple sessions to complete and cure successfully. The process of microdermabrasion works best on superficial scars, however, your doctor can guide you properly whether the treatment is suitable for your skin or not.
THE BOTTOM LINE
All the facials for hyperpigmentation intend to stimulate collagen growth within the dermis hence reducing the appearance of pigmented spots. Undergoing various skincare treatments such as chemical peeling or microdermabrasion can bring out expected results quickly than applying products for hyperpigmentation. However, it is advisable to pay your visit to the doctor before undergoing any treatment.