90 Degree Hybrid Coupler: Introduction
- The 90 degree hybrid coupler can be defined as a four-port electronic device which is used to either equally split an input signal into two paths with a 90 degree phase shift between those four ports or to combine two signals while maintaining high isolation between them.
- These couplers are used in circuits requiring a balanced division of power into two transmission lines with 90 degree separation of phase. The 90 degree hybrid coupler is also known as the quadrature coupler or branch-line coupler.
- When power is introduced at the IN port, half the power (3dB) flows to the 0° port and the other half is coupled (in the opposite direction) to the 90° port. Reflections from mismatches sent back to the output ports will flow directly to the ISO port or cancel at the input. This is why hybrids are most commonly used to split high power signals in applications where unwanted reflections could easily damage the driver device.
- 90 degree hybrid coupler is also known as quadrature hybrid because a signal applied to any input will result in two equal amplitude signals that are quadrant (90° apart).
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Rise in Demand for 90 Degree Hybrid Couplers for Defence and Space Industry
- The global 90 degree hybrid coupler market is projected to witness significant growth during the forecast period. The primary factor driving the market are their wide range of applications for different industries including commercial, military, and defence.
- The 90 degree hybrid couplers are used in multiple applications in military and defence to balance power and low noise amplifiers plus signal distribution. In addition, these couplers can be used in high power applications. This in turn is likely to propel the growth of the global 90 degree hybrid coupler market at a significant rate during the forecast period.
- Increasing use of broadband microwave systems, and the emerging Millimetre Wave and 5G wireless communications systems has created the need for broadband 90 degree hybrids with tight output amplitude and phase tracking.
- Another factor contributing to the growth of the global 90 degree hybrid coupler market are the significant features of these couplers which include excellent phase and amplitude matching, amplitude balance, low insertion loss, high directivity, and tight coupling.
North America to Lead the 90 Degree Hybrid Coupler Market
- In terms of region, the global 90 degree hybrid coupler market can be divided into North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Middle East & Africa, and South America.
- North America is expected to lead the global 90 degree hybrid coupler market due to launch of 5G wireless communication technology in the region.
- Asia Pacific is expected to witness fastest growth in the 90 degree hybrid coupler market during the forecast period due to ongoing development of wireless networking technologies, and increase in use of power equipment in the region.
- Furthermore, the 90 degree hybrid coupler market in Asia Pacific and Middle East & Africa is expected to expand at a significant rate owing to their high demand in communication and consumer electronic applications in these regions, due to their low insertion loss.
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Key Players in the Global 90 Degree Hybrid Coupler Market
- API Technologies
- L3 Narda-MITEQ
- Atlantic Microwave Ltd
- Krytar, Inc.,
- AVX Corporation
- Kete Microwave Electronics Co., Ltd.
- Cernex, Inc.
- Microwave Communications Laboratories Inc.
- Bel Fuse Inc., Innovative Power Products
- Clear Microwave, Inc.
- CrossPoint Technologies
- Cobham Signal & Control Solutions
- Infinite Electronics International, Inc.
- Corry Micronics
- Electromagnetic Technologies Industries
- Inc., Electro-Photonics LLC.
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