The work of the carpenter

Carpenters build, erect, install, and repair structures and details made of wood, wood derivatives, and wood substitutes, such as building structures, including partitions, joists, studs, and joists; wood stairs, window and door frames, and hardwood floors, following local building codes.

Jobs range from building concrete forms and temporary shelter mounts to projects requiring exact completion work. hand planers for woodworkers  are also very important.



  • Study models, sketches, and plans of buildings.
  • Estimate the total cost of work based on materials and labor required.
  • Order construction materials.
  • Measure materials or distances, usually with tape or square ruler.
  • Anchor and reinforce shapes, and other structures in place using fasteners such as nails, bolts, anchor rods, steel cables, planks, wedges, and timbers.
  • Select materials and prepare layout.
  • Construct or repair cabinets, doors, frames, floors, and other wooden accessories used in buildings, using woodworking machines, carpenter’s hand tools, and power tools.
  • Mark the cut and assembly lines on the materials.
  • Cut and shape materials to prescribed measurements using hand and power tools.
  • Assemble, hold, and install the materials.
  • Install the metal studs used for partitions on the walls.
  • Lay the floors and build stairs.
  • Check the accuracy of work in progress with fair levels and cuts

Tools, equipment and job aids that carpenters can use include:

  • Hand and power tools.
  • Wall and ceiling jacks.
  • Nails, screws, and tacks.
  • Glue, and putty.
  • Bras, and nail sets.
  • Laser equipment (to establish elevations).
  • Fair cuts and levels.
  • Square frames, and rulers.
  • Tape measures, and calipers.
  • Pencils, chalk, and standard size markers

Materials used by Carpenters include wood and wood products, wood substitutes, insulation, metal, plastic, and concrete.

Carpenters also work with many precast products for example: interior trims, windows, cabinets, construction paper, metal bolts, window doors and shafts, hardwood flooring blocks, frame / ceiling / floor ties, covering pebbles.



Due to the wide variety of work on the market, some carpenters specialize in specific types of work such as rough or final finishing carpentry. However, in most areas carpenters often perform all kinds of woodwork.

FINISHING CARPENTERS present and install molds, base boards, door frames, doors, windows, wood paneling, cabinets, hardwood floors, stairs, partitions (cubicles), and other interior and exterior arrangements.

ROUGH JOINERS build rough wooden frameworks for buildings; install rough window and door frames, partitions, secondary floors, and lining on external walls and ceilings. They also build concrete forms, scaffolding, platforms, fences, and temporary shelters in the workplace.

MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS build and repair structural woodwork and work with molding equipment, drawings, or instructions.

ACOUSTIC JOINERS mount acoustic tiles to walls and ceilings of buildings to reduce sound reflection and decorate rooms. They also install suspended ceilings.