We understand that you are starting, that you have little knowledge so we will try to understand what it is without going into technical details.
First of all, it is important to know that every web application is made up of a series of files and directories that contain the information of the same. From the simplest that will be an .html file to some CMS (content manager) such as WordPress.
These data, as with any application you have on your computer, must be stored somewhere.
Hosting is nothing but a means that allows you to have your website stored and which is available 24 hours worldwide . Buy cheap web hosting sites and get the best experience.
What is a hosting for?
At this point you will be asking yourself, “So … what is the difference between having my website on my computer and hosting it on a hosting service?”
The hosting companies have specific machines (called servers) for web hosting, so they guarantee you and provide essential features that you could not obtain with a computer. Let’s see what they are:
Unlike your computer, to be able to service a website it is necessary that the servers are always on and connected to the internet. Keep in mind that, in the end, what you want is for your website to always be available worldwide.
Therefore, you will need a professional connection and bandwidth that other types of domestic connections cannot provide. Any error, stopped on the computer or on the internet connection, would cause your website to crash.
Hosting providers have specific servers focused on the web service and allow optimizing the performance and operation of applications.
Easy to use
Most hosting already have all the necessary services ready (Apache web server, MySQL databases, etc.) to service the page. In this way, once you host it on the servers, your application starts working.
In addition to this, they have a control panel (for example cPanel) from which you can manage everything related to hosting in a simple way: file manager, management of email accounts, backups, etc.
You already know that a web page is a very juicy element for “cyber-bad guys”, since they can use it to send SPAM, obtain vulnerable information and data, etc.
Hosting service providers have a series of security measures such as antivirus or firewalls, among others, that help you keep your website secure so that it is much more difficult to violate than if you have it on your own computer. Avoid risks!
What is the operation of web hosting?
As we have seen, a hosting is made up of servers (machines) that store the files that make up the website and have all the necessary services so that it can be viewed and interacted with from any computer.
But how do we access it?
The hosting servers are identified by an IP address. Because this is difficult to remember, domains come into play. These domains are connected to other DNS servers (domain name servers) that are the ones that will translate to which IP they must “look” to load the web.
Basically and roughly, when someone types an address (domain) in their computer’s browser, it connects to their configured DNS and translates the address to the server’s IP.
The server receives the access request and sends the data packets with the information from the hosted web page so that it can be viewed on the computer from which the request was made.
At this point, the domain tends to be confused with the web application itself and the hosting, but all three are independent.
Although it will not be discussed in this article, it must be clear that the domain is only the name of each site, which can be configured to “look” towards a hosting (thanks to its DNS servers) and thus load the website that you have stayed in the accommodation they are targeting.
With all these data we can conclude that hosting is one of the basic pillars to be able to mount your web project.
Web hosting is the place where you will have all the files of your application hosted so that it is accessible from everyone and at all times. We could equate hosting with a hotel for your web pages.
The hotel (web hosting) offers you a service so that you can stay comfortably in it and where to protect your belongings (webs) .
This guarantees you security so that you are not robbed, electricity, hot water, internet and other services that allow you to be in it. In addition, it offers support for any problem you may have, so that your stay is as pleasant as possible.