Carbon Monoxide (CO) Detectors: Introduction
- A carbon monoxide detector (or, CO detector) is a device that detects presence of the carbon monoxide (CO) gas so as to prevent poisoning. Manufacturers have recently changed the definition of a single-station CO detector with a sound device to a carbon monoxide (CO) alarm.
- Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colorless, tasteless, and odorless gas produced due to incomplete combustion of carbon containing materials. It is often referred to as a ‘silent killer,’ as it is virtually undetectable by humans. Hence, leakage detectors are required to detect its presence.
- CO detectors are designed to measure CO levels over the time and to sound an alarm before dangerous levels of CO accumulate in the environment. Sounding of alarm gives people adequate warning to safely ventilate the area or evacuate.
Demand from Commercial and Residential End-Users to Offer Lucrative Opportunities
- Carbon monoxide is the second-most common cause of deaths due to non-medicinal poisoning. According to the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention), over 10,000 individuals are poisoned by carbon monoxide and require medical treatment every year and more than 438 people in the U.S. die due to carbon monoxide poisoning every year.
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- Leakage of CO or increase in the level of CO can affect commercial and residential end-users including individual consumers, commercial buildings, public premises, health care organizations, and educational institutions. Increasing number of accidents and rising requirement for safety of people have resulted in the increased demand for CO alarms.
- Home appliances such as geysers, dryers, and refrigerators and areas that lack proper aeration, such as garages and service centers, are major and common sources of carbon monoxide. Since CO is odorless and colorless, the risk of affecting individuals is high. Thus, the need for CO detectors has been increasing from residential and commercial end-users.
Government Awareness about and Adherence to Carbon Monoxide Protection Safety Standards
- Due to the increasing prevalence of illnesses and deaths caused by high levels of carbon monoxide (CO) in homes and buildings, state legislatures in the U.S. have decided to adopt laws authorizing the use of carbon monoxide detectors
- The mandate varies from every enclosed room being required to have detectors, to every room that has a smoke alarm to have a detector, with only day-care centers and group homes needing detectors. For instance, since March 2018, a majority of states in the U.S. have enacted statutes regarding carbon monoxide (CO) detectors and the others have promulgated regulations on CO detectors.