Driver Assistance System (DAS) Market – Snapshot
Trains are highly economical and considerably less polluting mode to transport passengers and goods as compared to vehicle transport, sea transport, and air transport. Train transport is considered a significantly safe and rapid mode of transport. It is usually unaffected by different weather conditions. Automation in the field of transportation has proven to be an inherent approach in order to enhance safety, accuracy, and efficiency. Therefore, automation is significantly penetrating train transportation, as it helps maintain punctuality of trains, enhance efficiency, and increases safety. There are different modes of train automation ranging from Grade of Automation (GoA) 1 to Grade of Automation 4. GoA1 and GoA2 comprise a few automated functions such as automatic train protection, automatic train operation, train cruising, and train stopping. A driver is present to operate other manual functions. In GoA3, most train functions are operated automatically; however, a train attendant monitors the proper working of these functions. GoA4 trains comprise unattended train operations such that neither driver nor an attendant is present in the train. Implementation of some degree of automation into trains has enhanced train performance and safety. Therefore, driver assistance systems (DAS) are witnessing a prominent demand across the globe.
Driver assistance systems for locomotives are able to reduce traction energy consumption by about 10% to 20%. These systems manage the functioning of train components such as couplers, knuckles, wheels, and brake shoes, thereby increasing the life of components significantly. The driver assistance systems for locomotives utilize precise modeling of the train and its surrounding and real-time data available from sensors, which in turn reduces in-train forces, resulting in minimized rate of component wear and tear. 28 European members of International Union of Railways (UIC) have collectively committed to reduce CO2 emissions per passenger kilometer and ton/kilometer by 50% by 2030, and are focused to meet the commitment. Likewise, the European Union other nations are focusing on reduction of CO2 emission in order to meet the Paris Climate Accord, which was signed by 195 countries with a commitment to keep the global temperature rise within 2 degree Celsius. Train transport is a significantly less polluting mode of transport, which emits only 2.2 gm of CO2 per passenger per kilometer, whereas a car produce 115 gm CO2 per passenger per kilometer. Consequently, governing bodies are investing in railway transport to enhance safety, connectivity, punctuality, and reduce traveling time, and hence, driver assistance system for locomotive is marginally effective. Governing bodies are emphasizing on the implementation of driver assistance systems in trains, which is primarily driving the driver assistance system (DAS) market for locomotive across the globe. Enhanced train safety, improved train efficiency and performance, decreased train component wear and tear, and train punctuality are prominent drivers of the driver assistance system (DAS) market for locomotive.
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A key restrain to the driver assistance system (DAS) market for locomotive is its cost. The driver assistance system comprises several electronic and mechanical components such as ECU, actuators, and sensors. Thus, implementing driver assistance system in train leads to higher expense.
The global driver assistance system (DAS) market for locomotive can be segmented based on train type, driver assistance system application, component, and region. Metro trains and suburban trains are prominent modes of transportation. These trains have increased connectivity across urban areas. Rapidly increasing urbanization is fueling the demand for connectivity across urban and suburban areas. A substantial number of passengers utilize metros and suburban trains, which in turn demands for enhanced safety, speed, punctuality, and efficiency of trains. Therefore, metros and suburban trains witness a significant rate of adoption of the driver assistance system. Increasing demand for connectivity and efficient mode of transportation is likely to propel the demand for metro trains and suburban trains, which in turn is expected to boost the demand for driver assistance system for locomotive.
Driver assistance system comprises several applications such as emergency braking system, rail detection system, signal detection, and others. Automatic door opening and closure can be seen in several suburban and long distance trains as well as in all metro trains. Therefore, the automatic door opening and closure segment holds a leading position in the global driver assistance system (DAS) market for locomotive. Emergency braking system and anti-collision systems have effectively reduced accident and train collision rates. Increasing demand for safety is fueling the demand for emergency braking systems and anti-collision systems.
The driver assistance system for locomotive comprises several sensors for monitoring the train’s surrounding, actuators, antennas, and odometer. LiDAR technology is transforming the automation world with its highly accurate data gathering, high speed, and ability to work in any weather conditions. Radar sensors have a large detection range and hence, they are intensively being used in driver assistance system for locomotive. The other segment of the market comprises of actuators, ECU, and other electronic and mechanical components. Consequently, the other segment is leading the global driver assistance system market for locomotive.
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In terms of region, the global driver assistance system (DAS) market for locomotive can be segmented into Europe, North America, Latin America, Asia Pacific, and Middle East & Africa. Countries in Asia Pacific such as China, India, and Japan are witnessing significant investment in the railway industry. Increased concerns about passenger safety, increased rate of train track building in order to increase connectivity, awareness about gains of automation, and enhanced focus over minimizing emission have led to the higher rate of adoption of driver assistance systems for locomotives across Asia Pacific. ASEAN nations and countries such as India, North Korea, and South Korea are likely to offer lucrative opportunities for the driver assistance system (DAS) market for locomotive. Countries in Europe are at the forefront of adoption of advanced technologies. Countries such as Germany, France, Italy, Luxembourg, Norway, and Sweden are emphasizing on minimizing emission from different modes of transportation. Therefore, Europe is witnessing a rapidly increasing demand for driver assistance systems for locomotive.
The global driver assistance system (DAS) market for locomotive includes key players having strong positions in the market. Long-term partnership with governments, strategic alliances with suppliers, and continuous research and developments are likely to offer rewarding opportunities for key players operating in the market. Key players operating in the global driver assistance system market for locomotive include Thales Group, Alstom S.A., Bombardier Transportation Hitachi Ltd., CRRC Corporation limited, Ansaldo STS, SIEMENS AG, Mitsubishi Electric, Robert Bosch GmbH, Knorr-Bremse AG, and Wabtec Corporation.